Being classified as a “green” country illustrates the awareness level of the citizens in that country and how committed they are to protecting their ecosystems. Executing sustainable environmental policies is now a key factor for all governments and companies that, like Sacyr, are working with a firm commitment to respecting the environment.
Many studies point to a group of countries which are implementing efficient public policies benefiting the environment. Reports include the Environmental Performance Index (EPI), produced by Yale University, Columbia University and the World Economic Forum, which ranks 180 countries on 24 performance indicators on issues covering environmental health and ecosystem vitality. Here is the list:
Top five eco-friendly countries
We tend to associate it with mountains, lakes and pure air. The fact is that the most environmentally friendly country has very high awareness about protecting resources, urban development, fighting global warming, care of water, commitment to biodiversity, and care of air and land. All these aspects have been implemented by the Swiss Federal Council and the Swiss people to continue preserving its identity. According to the Environmental Performance Index, Switzerland illustrates strong performance as regards the climate, energy and air pollution.
It is one of the more industrialised countries which emits the least greenhouse gases. This is due to the regulations implemented by the Kyoto Protocol. Furthermore, there are priority areas for the government, which promotes the circular economy, employment and technological transition, water policy, and education about the environment and marine biodiversity, seas and oceans.
Producing renewable energy has led to highly positive results for this Nordic country. Introducing wind turbines and wind power plants and using recycled waste to generate electricity has helped to compensate for the decades-long energy deficit. Denmark's energy consumption has dropped by over 8% since 1990, and it does not need to import power from any external sources. Its capital, Copenhagen, is a paradise for cyclists, with more than 390 kilometres of bicycle lanes. The so-called Bike City has held this title for over a century.
Classified as one of the “gems” of the Mediterranean, this island country has been moving up the ranks for environmental care by carrying out painstaking work on water and sanitation, issues reflected in the EPI report, which ranked Malta in the top position for this variable.
Known as the best recycler on the planet, in 2012 Sweden became the first country in the world to recycle electronic waste. Its work for the environment, which began more than 30 years ago, hopes to achieve an ambitious balance of its CO2 emissions by halfway through the century. Polluting activities are taxed and the Swedish government applies the taxes strictly in order to progress towards sustainability.